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选择和使用班车:双线船坞船用班车和终端饲养员

了解有时被认为更高级的两个梭子,因为它们需要织布工具。您可能只想学习如何使用它们!

利兹蒙奇1月22日,2021 - 8分钟阅读

选择和使用Shuttles:双筒筒船叉车和终端馈送班车主图像

Double-bobbin船航天飞机和端部馈电航天飞机are two types of shuttles you may want to add to your collection. Photo by Susan E. Horton

This is the last of a four-part series on weaving shuttles. To date, I’ve reviewed three classes of weaving shuttles, each with their own specific uses:

我开始了棍子和皮带班车这是框架和刚性河床织机的理想选择。当你在经纱的最后结束时,它们也很有用,你的棚子缩小了,但你仍然有一个微小的编织来完成一个项目。我还包括同一帖子的rag班车,以便在绕组和编织方面的简单性和简单。

Next, I tackled滑雪和地毯班车,和I discussed using them for heavier yarns and for times when you need to be able to load a lot of weft. These shuttles are super for rep weave, weft-faced weaves, and pieces that use bulky yarns throughout.

In my third shuttle post, I covered the most used and popular of hand shuttles,boat shuttles.所有船用班车都有一些共同的功能,但我打破了造成的特色,尺寸和重量。随着班车类型的扩展,这些因素对用户很重要。

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在这个第四个帖子中,我讨论了双筒管船班车end-feed shuttles.两者都有很多意见,所以我认为他们值得讨论。

声音梭式班车

Two double-bobbin boat shuttles. Photo by Liz Moncrief

双筒管船班车(DBBS)在大多数情况下有两个盒子,并在每个盒子中握住一个筒管。(注意:打开照片中的DBB只有一个盒子。)我使用单个梭芯班车的所有规则post #3apply to the double-bobbin shuttle. Using a DBBS requires some dexterity in catching both bobbins with your fingers. You may find that an overhanded catch will be more successful than an underhanded catch. You may even want to learn to catch both ways, even for single-bobbin shuttles.

It’s important that the two bobbins weigh about the same, although I don’t necessarily advocate using a gram scale to check. Just keep their relative weights in mind because weight affects the reel out rate of the bobbins. If your weaving allows it, you might turn your DBBS over one or two rotations after each pick so that the bobbins feed as a twisted pair. This is tricky and will slow down your weaving, but it helps with maintaining tension. If it’s important to keep the two weft threads in line (one after the other), then it might be best to use two single-bobbin shuttles.

MONCRIFE EFS内联Quills

终端饲料梭子使用羽毛笔握住纬线。照片由利兹蒙格

终端饲料班车(EFS)在工业革命期间引入了飞行班车,这是加快织造所有操作的运动的一部分。我曾在几个织机上致力于连续飞行的班车,我的文章在编织者愉悦的织机上手工,2019年3月/ 4月想到。那织机使用了一个金属缸来通过纬线,而不是我们今天考虑一下EFS。有不同类型的终端馈送机制,上面的照片中显示了两种类型。

当代终端饲料梭子比其历史同行较轻,因为它们被织布器而不是机器使用。照片底部的较轻的梭式穿梭包含一个张力机构,实际上挤压纬纱卷起。该装置可以使用六角扳手调节,以允许不同类型的纱线和张力要求。在这些班车时,张紧装置将始终在右边的右侧朝向你的掉落,因为你没有转向左边的梭子。扳手也可用于升高或降低使用的PIRN尖端,该尖端用于代替梭芯。

照片中的较暗的彩色EFS(来自底部的第三个)在馈电之前使用一组简单的6根抛光线。根据需要,织布工可以根据需要将纬纱穿过纬纱,以达到所需的张力。在这个班车上,张紧导线在左侧左侧进出朝向下降,无论它在何时行驶。

You may need to adjust how far from your selvedge you hold your EFS as you pass it back and forth because the weft reeling out of the right end of the shuttle will actually be further away from your selvedge than when your shuttle is on the left side, and the opposite is true for the shuttle with the tensioner on the left.

终端饲料班车使用PIRN。在厚末端(底部)开始一个pirn并向锥形末端工作,绕组为1-1.5“增量。仔细绕组将允许无瑕疵的卷轴。请记住,您的纬线会在卷轴时添加扭曲从PIRN,这可能会导致非常紧密扭曲的纱线的问题。这与在水平放置的卷轴上绕组缠绕时会发生这种情况,而是一端将线轴放在地板上的卷轴上。取决于地板上的哪个端部,展开yarn will either add twist or remove twist. This isn’t usually a problem when winding off from a cone, but it is something to take into consideration. The pirn will hold slightly more yarn than a standard 4" bobbin, but don’t let that determine your choice of shuttle. The EFS and pirns are an investment, and the pirns are best wound using an electric winder to control the tension.

When I’m asked to pick my favorite of all my shuttles I resist, as I have several of each type and use them interchangeably. One day I demand the strictest of tension and no fuss, and the next I’m all about the fine wood in my hands and am willing to fuss a bit for that sensory factor.

When choosing a shuttle, remember that the weight and circumference of a shuttle are important to weavers with small hands and can affect your comfort in capturing it as it exits the shed. The 2 DBBSs in the middle photo weigh in at 3.7 and 5.3 oz. and have circumferences of 5.25 and 5.5". Both fit small hands well. The EFS shuttles in the last photo weigh in at 5.8 and 9.8 oz. with circumferences of 5.5 and 6.25". The larger one may be a bit large for some weavers, but what beautiful wood!

我只包括最后一张照片中的大EFS就像一个道具。这是一个来自一只大型飞梭织机的遗物。它重达19.5盎司。可能是由于黄铜尖端和组件部件。一旦我在没有其他任何东西的情况下看到一个开始织布工,相信我,我很快就找到了她的替代品!

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